The Protestant Reformers tended to hold the belief that the Antichrist power would be revealed so that everyone would comprehend and recognize that the Pope is the real, true Antichrist and not the vicar of Christ. Doctrinal works of literature published by the Lutheransthe Reformed Churchesthe Presbyteriansthe Baptiststhe Anabaptistsand the Methodists contain references to the Pope as the Antichrist, including the Smalcald ArticlesArticle 4 the Treatise on the Power and Primacy of the Pope written by Philip Melanchthon the Westminster ConfessionArticle In his notes on the Book of Revelation chapter 13he commented:
The Protestant Reformers tended to hold the belief that the Antichrist power would be revealed so that everyone would comprehend and recognize that the Pope is the real, true Antichrist and not the vicar of Christ. Doctrinal works of literature published by the Lutheransthe Reformed Churchesthe Presbyteriansthe Baptists wace english essays for advanced, the Anabaptistsand the Methodists contain references to the Pope as the Antichrist, including the Smalcald ArticlesArticle 4 the Treatise on the Power and Primacy of the Pope written by Philip Melanchthon the Westminster ConfessionArticle In his notes on the Book of Revelation chapter 13he commented: Yet this hinders not, but that the last Pope in this succession will be more eminently the Antichrist, the Man of Sin, adding to that of his predecessors a peculiar degree of wickedness from the bottomless pit.
Not only dissidents and heretics but even saints had called the bishop of Rome the "Antichrist" when they wished to castigate his abuse of power. What Lutherans understood as a papal claim to unlimited authority over everything and everyone reminded them of the apocalyptic imagery of Daniel 11a passage that even prior to the Reformation had been applied to the pope as the Antichrist of the last days.
For who is the man of sin and the son of perdition, but he who by his teaching and his ordinances increases the sin and perdition of souls in the church; while he yet sits in the church as if he were God?
All these conditions have now for many ages been fulfilled by the papal tyranny. Some persons think us too severe and censorious when we call the Roman Pontiff Antichrist.
But those who are of this opinion do not consider that they bring the same charge of presumption against Paul himself, after whom we speak and whose language we adopt I shall briefly show that Paul's words in II Thess. I could prove the same by many other scriptures, old writers, and strong reasons.
He is, in an emphatical sense, the man of sin, as he increases all manner of sin above measure. And he is, too, properly styled, the son of perdition, as he has caused the death of numberless multitudes, both of his opposers and followers, destroyed innumerable souls, and will himself perish everlastingly.
He it is that opposeth himself to the emperor, once his rightful sovereign; and that exalteth himself above all that is called God, or that is worshipped — Commanding angels, and putting kings under his feet, both of whom are called gods in scripture; claiming the highest power, the highest honour; suffering himself, not once only, to be styled God or vice-God.
In the temple of God — Mentioned Rev. Declaring himself that he is God — Claiming the prerogatives which belong to God alone. Wycliffe himself tells Sermones, III.
Along with John Hus, they had started the inclination toward ecclesiastical reforms of the Catholic Church. Zwingli, who was a Catholic priest before he became a Reformer, often referred to the Pope as the Antichrist. In his treatise The Parable of the Wicked Mammon, he expressly rejected the established Church teaching that looked to the future for an Antichrist to rise up, and he taught that Antichrist is a present spiritual force that will be with us until the end of the age under different religious disguises from time to time.
Today, many Protestant and Restorationist denominations still officially maintain that the Papacy is the Antichrist, such as the conservative Lutheran Churches    and the Seventh-day Adventists.
One is that the pope takes to himself the right to rule the church that belongs only to Christ. He can make laws forbidding the marriage of priests, eating or not eating meat on Friday, birth control, divorce and remarriage, even where there are not such laws in the Bible.
The second is that he teaches that salvation is not by faith alone but by faith and works. The present pope upholds and practices these principles.
This marks his rule as antichristian rule in the church. All popes hold the same office over the church and promote the same antichristian belief so they all are part of the reign of the Antichrist.
The Bible does not present the Antichrist as one man for one short time, but as an office held by a man through successive generations. It is a title like King of England. Sheena Roman Catholic bishopwrote in He will tempt Christians with the same three temptations with which he tempted Christ He will have one great secret which he will tell to no one: Because his religion will be brotherhood without the fatherhood of God, he will deceive even the elect.
He will set up a counterchurch It will have all the notes and characteristics of the Church, but in reverse and emptied of its divine content. It will be a mystical body of the Antichrist that will in all externals resemble the mystical body of Christ.
In the Counter-ReformationPreterism and Futurismwas advanced by Catholic Jesuits beginning in the 16th century in response to the identification of the Papacy as Antichrist. These were rival methods of prophetic interpretation: Historically, preterists and non-preterists have generally agreed that the Jesuit Luis de Alcasar — wrote the first systematic preterist exposition of prophecy—Vestigatio arcani sensus in Apocalypsi published in —during the Counter-Reformation.
Preterism interprets the Book of Daniel as referring to events of the past, that happened in the 2nd century BC, while seeing the prophecies in the Book of Revelation as events that happened in the first century AD.
Preterism holds that Ancient Israel finds its continuation or fulfillment in the Christian church at the destruction of Jerusalem in AD Saint Robert Bellarmine codified this view, giving in full the Catholic theory set forth by the Greek and Latin Fathers, of a personal Antichrist to come just before the end of the world and to be accepted by the Jews and enthroned in the temple at Jerusalem — thus endeavoring to dispose of the exposition which saw Antichrist in the pope.The HyperTexts English Poetry Timeline and Chronology English Literature Timeline and Chronology World Literature Timeline and Chronology This is a timeline of English poetry and literature, from the earliest Celtic, Gaelic, Druidic, Anglo-Roman, Anglo-Saxon and Anglo-Norman works, to the present day.
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