Many theologians cite passages from Galatians to establish that the so-called "Mosaic Law" i. But is this position correct?
One pattern centered on the reproductive function of sex and established nature and the natural as the criterion of what was licit; the second focused on the notion that sex was impure, a source of shame and defilement; the third emphasized sexual relations as a source of intimacy, as a symbol and expression of conjugal love.
Medieval writers placed greater emphasis upon the first two patters, but at various times prior to the Reformation, and in many segments of Christian society since then, all three approaches and the consequences deduced from them have been held and taught in various combinations.
The Roman familia meant a household, not a family in the modern sense, and households came in a great variety of sizes and shapes. Among the wealthy and powerful, the household often numbered hundreds of persons and things: Among the poor, however, households were apparently small, since they included no slaves or servants and little property.
The familia of the humble often consisted simply of a woman and her children. Again, the male head of household was not part of his own familia.
They plainly felt that no explanation was required, that sex was so filthy and degrading that the reason for condemnation of it was self-evident. Although a few early writers expressed a preference that clerics not marry at all, nearly every third-century Christian clergyman whose marital status is known seems to have been married.
The first effort to prohibit clerical marriage appeared in the canons of Elvira in the early fourth century. Humans then became incapable of controlling either their sexual desires or the physical reactions of their gonads.
Patristic discussions of the place of sex in the Christian life are shot through with a fundamental ambivalence about the place of women in the scheme of salvation.
Brochure Frequently asked questions on Zoroastrianism and the Avesta WHAT IS ZOROASTRIANISM? A brief overview. Zoroastrianism is a religion founded in ancient times by the prophet Zarathushtra, known to the Greeks as Zoroaster. A word on historical English weddings. Traditionally, in front of the church door, the groom would, in front of witnesses, announce his bride's dower--that portion (usually 1/3) of his holdings she would be allowed to use should he die before she did (she could also inherit land and property, but this was a . Religion in Ancient Rome includes the ancestral ethnic religion of the city of Rome that the Romans used to define themselves as a people, as well as the religious practices of peoples brought under Roman rule, in so far as they became widely followed in Rome and Italy. The Romans thought of themselves as highly religious, and attributed their success as a world power to their collective piety.
Augustine agreed clearly and emphatically with other patristic writers in requiring that men observe the same norms of sexual conduct as women.
At the same time, however, Augustine, like other patristic authors, considered women frankly inferior to men, both physically and morally. These plans regulated diet, clothing, social contacts, sleeping habits, posture, and other aspects of daily living with the aim of eliminating physical, mental, or emotional stimuli that might trigger responses and sexual desires.
The one means of fighting off sexual temptations at which practically all authorities drew the line was castration. Although one or tow extremists - Origen was the best known - had advocated and even practiced this radical method of combating sexual temptation, orthodox opinion held that this solution carried a good thing too far.
Both the so-called Canons of the Apostles and the genuine canons of the Council of Nicaea prohibited the practice. They rejected the notion that consummation was an essential part of marriage. It made no difference whether a couple ever went to bed together; so long as they consented to marry one another, that was what counted.
If consummation was not essential, it might follow that sexual impotence constituted no reason for holding a marriage invalid, and Augustine at any rate seems to have subscribed to this view.
Christian authorities warned married couples that they should have sex only for proper reasons. Augustine pointed to the Old Testament prophets as examples for married persons of his own generation.
The prophets, he claimed, made love to their wives rationally and solely for procreative purposes. Since marital sex is a favor, not a right, couples should avoid making love merely for enjoyment or because they felt like it.
Only propagation of the species, Augustine warned, entitled them to make use of the marital privileges blamelessly. But while Augustine and his contemporaries cautioned against intercourse for pleasure, they also reminded their married hearers that they were obliged to give their spouses sex on demand.
The marital debt was a right that either party could claim. The other partner might sin in asking payment of the sexual debt for wrongful reasons or at inappropriate times, but the spouse who complied did not share the guilt.
If a couple agreed by mutual consent to cease having sexual relations and one of them later had a change of mind, however, the other party had no obligation to honor a demand for the resumption of marital intercourse.
A mutual decision to forego sexual relations canceled the marital debt, and neither party could thenceforth rescind that decision. The marital debt created a parity of rights and obligations between spouses. Equality of the sexes in marriage meant equality in the marriage bed, but not outside of it.
Just as each spouse was entitled to sexual service from the other on demand, so each was entitled to require sexual fidelity from the other. Neither had a right to seek sexual fulfillment outside of marriage, even if the other party was, for example, absent or ill and thus sexually unavailable.
Cessation of marital relations did not break the bond of marriage, just as the beginning of sexual relations was irrelevant to the contracting of marriage.Nudity in Ancient to Modern Cultures.
Aileen Goodson (This chapter excerpt is from Aileen Goodson's Therapy, Nudity & Joy) "If anything is sacred, the human body is sacred". Judaism (originally from Hebrew יהודה , Yehudah, "Judah"; via Latin and Greek) is the religion of the Jewish heartoftexashop.com is an ancient, monotheistic, Abrahamic religion with the Torah as its foundational text.
It encompasses the religion, philosophy, and culture of the Jewish people. Judaism is considered by religious Jews to be the expression of the covenant that God established with.
Religion in Ancient Rome includes the ancestral ethnic religion of the city of Rome that the Romans used to define themselves as a people, as well as the religious practices of peoples brought under Roman rule, in so far as they became widely followed in Rome and Italy. The Romans thought of themselves as highly religious, and attributed their success as a world power to their collective piety.
A history of Ancient Greece (Greeks) from the Dorians to Alexander including their cities, Philosophy, Government, Contributions, rise and decline.
INTRODUCTION TO ASTROLOGY (AS Revised - Credit Hours): Since ancient times we looked to the heavens believing the movements of the sun and planets affected much of what takes place on earth. If these movements could be read properly the future could be understood and provided for.
 II Maccabees Note especially v.9 And now see that ye keep the feast of tabernacles in the month heartoftexashop.comly the Feast of Tabernacles is celebrated in the month of Tishri.