Fish auction in HonoluluHawaii There are traditionally four types of auction that are used for the allocation of a single item[ citation needed ]: English auctionalso known as an open ascending price auction.
Bibliography and References What is Dyslexia? Dyslexia simply means that a person has a persistent difficulty accurately decoding single P3 discriminatory practice. It is a descriptive, not a diagnostic term. Unfortunately, the medical-sounding label implies that it is a distinct and identifiable reading disorder with a known medical cause.
Bishop points out, '' M edical-sounding terms are more successful memes than the descriptive terms because they convey a spurious sense of explanation, with foreign and medical-sounding labels lending some gravity to the situation It was eventually discredited: Consequently, IQ—achievement discrepancy is no longer the bedrock for identification of LD in the US or of dyslexia in the UK, for that matter '' Singleton p17 The demise of the IQ—achievement discrepancy definition created serious difficulties for those working in P3 discriminatory practice specialist field of dyslexia.
They needed another way to diagnose it; one that didn't require an IQ test. This working definition enabled professionals involved with 'dyslexia' assessment to carry on diagnosing the difficulty and allocating the label, if they wished, purely on the basis of subjective opinion or guesswork.
If it was by the discrepancy model of diagnosis, as is almost always the case, the findings are thereby rendered invalid and should, properly, be ignored. Pamela Snow - ''The underlying difficulty appears to be the same, the way these children respond to treatment appears to be the same, there appears to be no justification whatsoever for going in and trying to carve out a special group of poor readers.
The Dyslexia Myth - ''Most people assume that dyslexia is a clearcut syndrome with a known medical cause, and that affected individuals can be clearly differentiated from other poor readers whose problems are due to poor teaching or low intelligence.
In fact, that is not the case. Bishop - ''Because there is no way to differentiate students with learning disabilities, the label is meaningless'' Prof. Brooks - ''They learned what they were taught, period.
There are no dyslexic kids. I mean, that is just a myth'' Prof. Childrenofthecode interview There is no need to manufacture an innate and incurable brain defect or difference to explain the widespread difficulties English-speaking children have with learning to decode and spell.
The evidence-based explanation is clear and simple: These comparisons provide irrefutable evidence that a biological theory of "dyslexia'', a deficit presumed to be a property of the child is untenable, ruling out the popular "phonological-deficit theory" of dyslexia.
For a biological theory to be accurate, dyslexia would have to occur at the same rate in all populations. Otherwise, some type of genetic abnormality would be specific to people who learn an English alphabet code and be absent in people who live in countries with a transparent alphabet, where poor readers are rare.
A disorder entirely tied to a particular alphabetic writing system is patently absurd and has no scientific basis. English-speaking children have trouble learning to read and spell because of our complex spelling code and because of current teaching methods, not because of aberrant genes'' D.
McGuinness ERI p3 '' C hildren with general language delays, weak auditory or verbal short-term memory, or other perceptual and cognitive deficits could have problems learning to read and spell.
McGuinness RRF messageboard The first study to show clearly that dyslexia is due to 'the English spelling system and the way it is taught' was that done by Heinz Wimmer in Austria German is spoken in Austria.
It has a transparent written code and is taught using synthetic phonics. Their only difficult was in reading speed. Next, Wimmer collaborated with an English researcher Goswami They compared normal readers in Salzburg 7 yr.
The Austrian children read the material as fluently and accurately as the English 9yr. A third study by the researchers Landerl, Wimmer and Frith compared Austrian 'dyslexic' children slow readers with English 'dyslexic' children very inaccurate readers and spellers.
The Austrian 'dyslexics' were not only far more accurate but also read twice as fast as the English dyslexics. The empirical evidence suggests that dyslexia slow and inaccurate decoding and spelling occurs in a significant percentage of English-speaking children when they need to learn what is an extremely opaque orthography without direct, discrete and comprehensive instruction in the English alphabet code.
When high quality synthetic phonics teaching is absent, incomplete, muddled or delayed many children do, luckily and amazinglystill discover the alphabetic code for themselves, but those who don't or can't will, out of necessity, have to form their own strategies to access the code.
Dyslexia due to poor teaching occurs in all social classes and, as Tom Burkard of the Promethean Trust says, ''There would not be such a huge industry charging obscene amounts of cash to supposedly remedy reading failure if it were not just as common with middle-class kids as with others. These children are often labelled dyslexic or SEN with special educational needs.
Not a bit of it: They know that something is wrong. The 'dyslexia' lobby persuades them that it is their children who are at fault. This helps relieve parents and schools of any responsibility for the problem.A Comparative Analysis of the Psychological Symptoms Observed in the Working Women and Housewives.
P3 Describe the potential effects of discriminatory practice on those who use health or social care services Task 3 P3 Explain the concepts of equality, diversity and the rights in relation to health and social care Q1 and 2.
Anti-discriminatory practice is promoted through: The actions of individuals and organisations following the law In health and social care settings, there are many different reasons that service users or professionals can be discriminated against.
Zanisha Ravetta LO2 – Know discriminatory practices in health and social care P2 – Describe discriminatory practice in health and social care LO3 - Understand how national initiatives promote anti-discriminatory practice P3 – Describe the potential effects of discriminatory practice on those who use health and social care services Discriminatory Codes of practice .
P2: describe the discriminatory practices in heath and social care P3: describe the potential effects of discriminatory practices on those who use the health and social care service.
I am going to write about the discriminatory practices in a care setting and the effects they have on individuals using the service. P1, P2, P3, M1 Unit 2- Equality, diversity and rights in health and social care Aims: To be able to explain: how national initiatives promote anti-discriminatory practice, describe how anti-discriminatory practice is promoted in health and social care Key Assessment Activity: P4, P5, M2, M3, D1, D2.