They left because of economic, religious and political factors. Some came to avoid war, corrupt governments or religious persecution. From as early as when the Pilgrims arrived at Plymouth Rock, America was seen as the land of freedom and opportunity.
As a new nation, the United States of America thrived. Bythe population had grown to nearly 10 million people.
The quality of life for ordinary people was improving. People were moving west, creating towns along the route of the Transcontinental Railroad, which connected the entire country by rail, east to west, for the first time.
The prosperous young country lured Europeans who were struggling with population growth, land redistribution, and industrialization, which had changed the traditional way of life for peasants.
These people wanted to escape poverty and hardship in their home countries. More than 8 million would come to the United States from to Department of Homeland Security. As slaves, they were not considered citizens.
Large farms and plantations depended on the free labor they provided in fields and homes. It was difficult, backbreaking work. Inthe United States government banned the importation of enslaved people into the country, although the practice did continue illegally.
Slavery, however, was not abolished for nearly 60 more years. Inseven out of 10 foreign-born people in the United States were Irish or German. Most of the Irish were coming from poor circumstances.
With little money to travel any further, they stayed in the cities where they arrived, such as Boston and New York City. More than 2, Irish arrived between and The Germans who came during the time period were often better off than the Irish were.
They had enough money to journey to the Midwestern cities, such as Chicago, Cincinnati, and St. Louis, or to claim farmland. More than 2, Germans arrived between and A potato fungus, also called blight, ruined the potato crop for several years in a row.
Potatoes were a central part of the Irish diet, so hundreds of thousands of people now didn't have enough to eat. At the same time of the famine, diseases, such as cholera, were spreading.
Starvation and disease killed more than a million people. These extreme conditions caused mass immigration of Irish people to the United States. Between andmore than a million Irish are estimated to have arrived in America.
The men found jobs building railroads, digging canals, and working in factories; they also became policemen and firemen. Irish women often worked as domestic servants. Even after the famine ended, Irish people continued to come to America in search of a better life.
The Northern states and Southern states could not agree on the issue of slavery. Most people in the Northern states thought slavery was wrong.
People in South, where the plantations depended on slavery, wanted to continue the practice. Inthe Civil War began between the North and South. It would be an extremely bloody war; overpeople would die in the fighting.
Many immigrants fought in the war. Since immigrants had settled mostly in the North, where factories provided jobs and small farms were available, hundreds of thousands of foreign-born men fought for the Union.
InPresident Abraham Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation, which declared that all the slaves in the rebelling Southern states were free. It was the beginning of the end of slavery.
To ensure that the abolishment of slavery was permanent, Congress passed the 13th Amendment to the Constitution, which outlawed slavery throughout the United States.
The 14th Amendment, adopted indeclared that African Americans were citizens of the United States. InAfrican Americans numbered almost 5 million and made up Today, immigration to the United States is at its highest level since the early 20th century. In fact, as a result of the variety of these recent immigrants, the United States has become a truly multicultural society.
Dbq Immigration. Showing top 8 worksheets in the category - Dbq Immigration.
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Period 6 The transformation of the United States from an agricultural to an increasingly industrialized and urbanized society brought about significant economic, political, diplomatic, social, environmental, and cultural changes.
the American people from to the mids and the challenges they faced, with emphasis on the Northeast. (3) List the reasons for the wave of immigration from Northern Europe to the United States (e.g., Irish immigrants and the Great Irish Famine). History Lesson 1: History of Immigration Through the s.
p. 8 menu print name class date activity 6 immigration and urbanization continued document 8 the settlement then is an experimental effort to aid in the solution of the social and industrial problems which are engendered [created by the modern conditions of life in a great city it insists that these problems are not confined to any one portion of a city it is an attempt to relieve at the same.
social studies test booklet 2 5 document-based question (dbq) - part iii document-based question directions: the task below is based on documents 1 through 7.
this task is designed to test edteck - immigration â€“ late s grade 5 the following question is based on the accompanying.