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URL of this page: Causes Lyme disease is caused by bacteria called Borrelia burgdorferi B burgdorferi. Blacklegged ticks also called deer ticks can carry these bacteria. Not all species of ticks can carry these bacteria. Immature ticks are called nymphs, and they are about the size of a pinhead.
Nymphs pick up bacteria when they feed on small rodents, such as mice, infected with B burgdorferi. You can get the disease if you are bitten by an infected tick. The same disease occurs in many parts of Europe and Asia.
In the United States, most Lyme disease infections occur in the following areas: Northeastern states, from Virginia to Maine North-central states, mostly in Wisconsin and Minnesota West Coast, mainly in the northwest There are three stages of Lyme disease.
Stage 1 is called early localized Lyme disease. The bacteria have not yet spread throughout the body.
Stage 2 is called early disseminated Lyme disease. The bacteria have begun to spread throughout the body.
Stage 3 is called late disseminated Lyme disease. The bacteria have spread throughout the body. Risk factors for Lyme disease include: Doing outside activities that increase tick exposure for example, gardening, hunting, or hiking in an area where Lyme disease occurs Having a pet that may carry infected ticks home Walking in high grasses Important facts about tick bites and Lyme disease: A tick must be attached to your body for 24 to 36 hours in order to spread the bacteria to your blood.
Blacklegged ticks can be so small that they are almost impossible to see. Many people with Lyme disease never even see or feel a tick on their body. Most people who are bitten by a tick do not get Lyme disease. Symptoms Symptoms of early localized Lyme disease stage 1 begin days or weeks after infection.
They are similar to the flu and may include:Lyme disease is best treated in the early stages. Early treatment is a simple 14 to 21 day course of oral antibiotics to eliminate all traces of infection.
Among early Lyme disease patients, However, since these ticks are very small, especially in the nymph stage, prompt detection is quite difficult. Prevention of Lyme disease is an important step in keeping dogs safe in endemic areas. Prevention education and a . Nov 19, · Lyme Disease News.
Read the latest research on Lyme disease symptoms, diagnosis, prevention and treatment options. PBORB: Lyme disease is a multisystem and multistage tick-transmitted infection caused by spirochetal bacteria in the Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato (Bbsl) complex.(1) Nearly all human infections are caused by 3 Bbsl species; Borrelia burgdorferi sensu stricto (hereafter referred to as Borrelia burgdorferi) is the primary cause of Lyme disease in North America, while Borrelia afzelii and.
Introduction and treatment guidelines. Lyme disease is a clinical diagnosis, based on patient’s history, symptoms & current presentation. Blood tests are used to support a Lyme disease diagnosis; however blood tests are not very reliable and should not be the defining mechanism to rule a diagnosis of Lyme disease in or out.
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