Making a comparison of business and academic writing is important so you can understand the different writing methods. There are more types of academic writing than business writing and the main differences between the two relate to the style of the writing. Academic Writing Style, Focus and Formality The style of academic writing is formal and uses the third person perspective. The language uses precise words and does not include slang words, jargon, or abbreviations.
Types of Scientific Literature Types of Scientific Literature While the research article is the workhorse of the scientific literature, it is by no means the only game in town.
Presented below, in no particular order, is a brief list of some of the various types of written information that scientists may consult during the course of their work. For a brief introduction to the peer review process and primary research articles, see my Very Brief Introduction to the Scientific Literature.
Most often published in peer reviewed journals, primary research articles report on the findings of a scientists work. They will almost always include a description of how the research was done and what the results mean.
Joe Dunckley over at the blog Journalologyhas a nice series of posts about what the scientific paper is and what may be wrong with the current model.
Review articles — These can be easily confused with primary research articles. They are also published in peer reviewed journals, but seek to synthesize and summarize the work of a particular sub-field, rather than report on new results.
Students who are asked to use only primary research articles for their projects can still find review articles useful — they can provide background information and their Works Cited sections can contain a wealth of useful references.
I have briefly summarized the difference between primary research articles and review articles in my Very Brief Introduction to the Scientific Literature.
These articles can be well researched and include a lot of citations to the peer reviewed literature, or simple items without citations. They can appear in peer reviewed journals, in trade publications, or in popular publications although the items that appear in trade or popular publications are often easier for students to recognize as not-primary research articles.
Trade publication articles — Between the standard scholarly journals Nature, Journal of the American Chemical Society and the popular publications Time, Newsweek, Scientific American lie the Trade publications. These publications are often aimed at medical professionals Vaccine Weekly or particular disciplines Chemical and Engineering News.
Articles in these publications may be several pages long and include a few references, but they are usually summarizing research published in other publications or reporting on industry news. These can be helpful for keeping up with your discipline or finding a research topic.
News — Science news articles can be found in a wide variety of publications. Popular newspapers and magazines, trade publications and scholarly publications can all have science news articles.
These articles often will refer to a recent study published as a primary research article. Blog posts — The world of scholarly publication is changing, although no one is quite sure what it is evolving into. We do know that scientists are blogging about all kinds of things: Blogs can be a great way to get involved in the scientific community, and many scientific blog posts can point you back to the peer reviewed literature.
How blogs will be valued as a means for communicating research findings is still in question. While some scholars continue to dismiss blogs as a scholarly medium, other have embraced their potential for communicating science quickly and effectively.
Article comments formal, reviewed — Traditionally, if you had a criticism of a published journal article, you submitted a formal comment.
These short pieces would be reviewed by editors or possibly peer-reviewers, and published in a subsequent journal issue. In the print world, it was practically impossible to know what articles had been commented on or where to find the comments.SIGNIFICANCE OF REPORT WRITING Research report is considered a major component of the research study for the research task remains incomplete till the report has been presented and written.
The careful revision makes the difference between a mediocre and a good piece of writing. TYPES OF REPORTS A) Technical Report In the technical. Another key difference between reporting and analysis is context.
Reporting provides no or limited context about what’s happening in the data. In some cases, the end users already possess the necessary context to understand and interpret the data correctly. Technical writing is performed by a technical writer (or technical author) and is the process of writing and sharing information in a professional setting.
: 4 A technical writer's primary task is to convey information to another person or party in the most clear and effective manner possible. Memo vs Letter. Animals communicate with each other; information and ideas are shared between them through messages that one sends to another. When the recipient understands what the sender is trying to convey to him, the process is completed.
Helpful Hints for Technical Writing Technical Writing Compared With Other Writing We speak of technical writing as if it were separate and different from other kinds '. When facing a task of writing a narrative or expository essay, the first thing you should do is understand the difference between these types of papers.
Narrative Essays: Tell a Story In simple terms, a narrative essay is a story meant to entertain the readers.