Tribe is a social group having many clans, nomadic bands and other sub groups living on a definite geographical area having separate language, separate and singular culture. According to Imperial Gazetteer of India a tribe is a collection of families bearing a common name, speaking a common dialect, occupying or professing to occupy a common territory and is not usually endogamous though originally it might have been so. According to Oxford Dictionary "A tribe is a group of people in a primitive or barbarious stage of development acknowledging the authority of a chief and usually regarding themselves as having a common ancestor.
Indian, Hindu, Bharati Orientation Identification. India constitutes the largest part of the subcontinental land mass of South Asia, an area it shares with six other countries, including Nepal, Pakistan, and Bangladesh.
It has highly variable landforms, that range from torrid plains, tropical islands, and a parched desert to the highest mountain range in the world. India, on the southern subcontinent of Asia, is bounded on the northwest by Pakistan; on the north by China and Tibet, Nepal and Bhutan; on the northeast by Bangladesh and Burma Myanmar ; and on the southwest and southeast by the Indian Ocean, with the island republics of Sri Lanka and the Maldives to the south.
Excluding small parts of the country that are currently occupied by Chinese or Pakistani military forces, the area of the Republic of India is 1, square miles 3, square kilometers. The census enumerated , residents, including , women, and million people defined as urban dwellers.
However, with a population growth rate estimated at 17 per one thousand inby May the national figure reached one billion. Life expectancy in the census was sixty years, and in it was estimated that almost 5 percent of the population was age 65 or older.
The population is still primarily rural, with 73 percent of the population in living outside the cities and towns. Inthe largest urban centers were Bombay or Mumbai 12,Calcutta or Kolkata 11,Delhi 8,Madras or Chennai 5,Hyderabad 4,and Bangalore 4, There are four major language families, each with numerous languages.
Indo-Aryan, a branch of Indo-European, covers the northern half of the country, and the Dravidian family covers the southern third.
|Culture of India - history, people, clothing, traditions, women, beliefs, food, customs, family||The following are the main views regarding the nature of tribe:|
|International Institute for Asian Studies||Most Southeast Indians experienced their first sustained contact with Europeans through the expedition led by Hernando de Soto — At that time most residents were farmers who supplemented their agricultural produce with wild game and plant foods.|
|Southeast Indian | people | heartoftexashop.com||The country stretches from Himalayas to the sea for thousands of miles.|
|Culture of India - history, people, clothing, traditions, women, beliefs, food, customs, family||Indian, Hindu, Bharati Orientation Identification.|
|Orientation||When many cultures were only nomadic forest dwellers over years ago, Indians established Harappan culture in Sindhu Valley Indus Valley Civilization The name 'India' is derived from the River Indus, the valleys around which were the home of the early settlers.|
In the middle regions a number of tribal languages of the Munda or Austroasiatic family are spoken. In the northeastern hills, numerous Tibeto-Burman languages are spoken. The national flag, which was adopted inis a tricolor of deep saffron, white, and green, in horizontal bands with green at the bottom.
In the center of the white band is a blue wheel, the chakrawhich also appears on the lion column-capital of the Emperor Asoka at Sarnath. This carving, which is over 2, years old, is also a national emblem that is preserved in the Sarnath Museum.
The sandstone carving features four lions back to back, separated by wheels chakrathe wheel of lawstanding over a bell-shaped lotus. The whole carving once was surmounted by the wheel of law. The national anthem is a song composed by Rabindranath Tagore in entitled Jana-gana mana.
The nearly useless Saka-era calendar also may be considered a national symbol, adopted in and still often used officially alongside the Gregorian calendar. History and Ethnic Relations Emergence of the Nation.
India has a history going back thousands of years and a prehistory going back hundreds of thousands of years. There was a long phase of Paleolithic hunting and gathering cultures parallel in time and characteristics with the Paleolithic peoples of Europe and East Asia.
This was followed, eight thousand to ten thousand years ago, by the development of settled agricultural communities in some areas. Inthe first genuinely urban civilization in the Indus Valley and western India India emerged. After its disappearance around B.
Buddhism, Jainism, Hinduism, and Sikhism. Despite the extent of the Empire of Asoka — B.India is a country with diverse cultures. Customs and traditions vary from region to region. Yet, of course, some commonality does exist in the social structure, which is an unifying force.
Definition. The term 'Scheduled Tribes' first appeared in the Constitution of India. Article (25) defined scheduled tribes as "such tribes or tribal communities or parts of or groups within such tribes or tribal communities as are deemed under Article to be Scheduled Tribes for the purposes of .
Describe the concept of Tribe with particular reference to India, and write about the main features of Tribal exclusion and inclusive policies in India". In India we come across many social groups or societies who might have some of these characteristics. Medieval India: Society, Culture and Religion Page 8 or 'fire sprung' tribes descended from the gods in the anali kund or 'fountain of fire' on Mount Abu.
School of Distance Education Medieval India: Society, Culture and Religion Page 9 There were 21 small kingdoms in . Indigeneity as a cultural practice: 'tribe' and the state in India.
Both characteristics are manifest in relation to the ‘tribes’ as a culturally distinct but – by and large – socio-economically deprived segment of the Indian people. India at large has some of the world’s most wealthy people.
Xaxa, Virginius Tribes . Tribes of India: The Struggle for Survival. Berkeley: more time to fieldwork, I decided to undertake a systematic investigation of social and economic changes affecting the tribal societies which I had studied in the s. A grant from the Social Science Research Council of the language .