Acquisition Cost The cost of the asset including the cost to ready the asset for its intended use. Acquisition cost for equipment, for example, means the net invoice price of the equipment, including the cost of any modifications, attachments, accessories, or auxiliary apparatus necessary to make it usable for the purpose for which it is acquired. Acquisition costs for software includes those development costs capitalized in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles GAAP.
Understanding the wastewater method, and addressing ethical issues 1. Originally used in the s to monitor the environmental impact of liquid household waste, the method has since been used to estimate illicit drug consumption in different cities Daughton, ; van Nuijs et al.
It involves sampling a source of wastewater, such as a sewage influent to a wastewater treatment plant. This allows scientists to estimate the quantity of drugs consumed by a community by measuring the levels of illicit drugs and their metabolites excreted in urine Zuccato et al.
Wastewater testing in European cities In a Europe-wide network Sewage analysis CORe group — Europe SCORE was established with the aim of standardising the approaches used for wastewater analysis and coordinating international studies through the establishment of a common protocol of action.
The first activity of the SCORE group was a Europe-wide investigation, performed in in 19 European cities, which allowed the first ever wastewater study of regional differences in illicit drug use in Europe Thomas et al.
That study also included the first intercalibration exercise for the evaluation of the quality of the analytical data and allowed a comprehensive characterisation of the major uncertainties of the approach Castiglioni et al.
A standard protocol and a common quality control exercise were used in all locations, which made it possible to directly compare illicit drug loads in Europe over a one-week period during seven consecutive years.
For the wastewater monitoring campaign, raw hour composite samples were collected during a single week in March. These samples were analysed for the urinary biomarkers i. In addition, the samples were analysed for the main urinary metabolites i.
This report is focused on illicit stimulants. No results for cannabis are reported, as THC-COOH presents wastewater epidemiology with a number of technical challenges, which are the subject of ongoing research Causanilles et al.
Patterns of illicit drug use: The BE loads observed in wastewater indicate that cocaine use is highest in western and southern European cities, in particular in cities in Belgium, the Netherlands, Spain and the United Kingdom. Wastewater analysis indicates that cocaine use is very low to negligible in the majority of eastern European cities.
The loads of amphetamine detected in wastewater varied considerably across study locations, with the highest levels reported in cities in the north and east of Europe.
Amphetamine was found at much lower levels in cities in the south of Europe. In contrast, methamphetamine use, generally low and historically concentrated in the Czech Republic and Slovakia, now appears to be present also in Cyprus, the east of Germany and northern Europe.
The observed methamphetamine loads in the other locations were very low to negligible. The study highlighted differences between these cities within the same country, which may be explained in part by the different social and demographic characteristics of the cities universities, nightlife areas and age distribution of the population.
In the large majority of countries with multiple study locations, cocaine and MDMA loads were higher in large cities compared to smaller locations.
No such differences could be detected for amphetamine and methamphetamine.The study and survey of financial inclusion is useful for both policy makers and bank service providers to make strategic decisions.
This dissertation attempts to provide a snap shot of the extent of financial inclusion i.e. the level and expansion. Key Points.
The information technology (IT) sector is poised for another strong year, percent growth projected CompTIA’s IT Industry Business Confidence Index notched one of its highest ratings ever heading into the first quarter of [the whole story with the actions] a couple of times a week initially In this school every half term we have a story-telling assembly so that all the children go in and each class does their story for that half term and we don’t take the story maps in with us.
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In this paper, we examine in detail 35 final assembly location decisions to gain understanding of the manufacturing location decision from strategy and economic policy perspectives. Fulfillment by Amazon (FBA) is a service we offer sellers that lets them store their products in Amazon's fulfillment centers, and we directly pack, ship, and provide customer service for these products.